Friday, November 7, 2014

85. Meghs, Dravidians and Kolarians - मेघ, द्रविडियन और कोलारियन

एशिया के जातीय समूहों पर जानकारी देने वाली इस पुस्तक में काफी कुछ विस्तार से विश्लेषण है। उसी से एक उद्ध्तरण-

"The Dravidians themselves, as well as the Kolarians of the Indian peninsula, present difficulties of a still more formidable character. Here we have two agglutinating languages radically distinct from each other, spoken by the dark pre-Aryan aborigines, now of somewhat uniform type, but apparently descended from two distinct stocks. Too much importance has perhaps been given in this region to the element of colour, which may well be due to the slow influ ence of an extremely hot and moist climate. Some plausible reasons might none the less be advanced to support the theory of an Oceanic origin of the Kolarian-speaking hill tribes, who seem to constitute the autochthonous element in India, and whose affinities may possibly be with the Negritos of the Andaman Islands at one time spread over the Malay and Philippine Archipelagoes. On the other hand, the Dravidians should probably be traced to a continen tal source. Like the more recent Hindus, they seem to have arrived from the north-west ; but they have become so intermingled both with the dark Kolarians and fair Hindus, that their original type can now no longer be determined. There are Dravidians, or, at least, Dravida-speaking hill tribes, such as the Todas and others in the Nilgiris, who might well be taken for Kolarians ; and there are others, such as the cultured Telugu and Tamil peoples of the Deccan, who cannot now be distinguished from the Bengali, Orissa, Marathi, and other peoples of Aryan speech. Here again, but for the still surviving fundamentally distinct Kolarian and Dravidian tongues, the presence in India of such diverse ethnical elements might not have been easily suspected, and all the inhabitants of the peninsula might well have been referred to two distinct types — the Aryan and the Kolarian." Pages 703-704

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