Friday, November 7, 2014

83. Megh a Kolarian group - मेघ एक कोलारियन मानव समूह

Hereunder go through the pages of "Asia" - KYH में यह संभावना दर्शायी गयी थी कि 'मेघ जातीय समूह' किसी भी दृष्टि से वैदिक-आर्य जातीय समूह से नहीं है और न ही द्रविड़ समूह से है, बल्कि उनसे भी पहले सिन्धु सतलज चिनाब झेलम आदि नदियों के मुहानो पर बसने वाले जातीय-समूह से सम्बंधित है। जिसे मानवशास्त्र इतिहासवेत्ता कोलारियन(kolariyan) समूह से अथवा/और तिबतियन-मंगोलियन समूह से सम्बंधित करके देखते है। इस तथ्य को दर्शाने वाले कई सन्दर्भ है। यहाँ एक सन्दर्भ दे रहा हूँ-

"7. Inhabitants : Hindus, Dravidians, Kolarians, and Tibeto -Burmese."
" It is not to be supposed that the inhabitants of India belong to one homogeneous type. There is scarcely a country in the world containing a greater diversity of tribes and races in every stage of civilisation, from the cultured European and philosophic Hindu down to the most degraded savages. A certain outward physical uniformity, noticeable especially in the prevailing brown, olive-brown, and dark-brown complexions, has no doubt been brought about during the course of ages by the climatic conditions. It is also true that the great bulk of the population is ultimately reducible to two distinct stocks — the Hindu,1 chiefly in the northern plains ; and the Dravidian, in the Deccan. But besides these at least two others are also largely represented — the Kolarian, chiefly in the Vindhyan and Satpura ranges be tween the Aryans and Dravidians, north and south ; and the Mongoloid, inhabitants of the Himalayas, the Assam highlands, and British Burma. Whether the absolute aborigines or not, the Kolarians are at all events the first arrivals in the peninsula, where they have scarcely anywhere risen above the lowest grades of human culture. Next came the Dravidians, some of whom, if true Dravidians, still remain at the same low level as the lowest Kolarians, while the great majority became in course of time susceptible to the civilising influences of the Hindus, who were the last arrivals from the north-west. The land was now full except on the remote northern and north-eastern frontiers, which were gradually occupied by Mongoloid Tibeto- Burman tribes from Central and South-Eastern Asia. The subdivisions of the Kolarians and Tibeto-Burmans are chiefly of a tribal— that is, social — character, while those of most Dravidians and all the Hindus are based essentially on linguistic considerations. The Kolarians and Tibeto-Burmans themselves speak a great variety of different dialects, but their classification depends even more on the tribal organisation than on the diversity of those dialects. This is also true of many low-caste Dra vidian tribes, especially in the Nilgiris and Malabar highlands. But the vast majority of the Dravidians and all the Hindus are grouped in different branches bearing much the same relation to each other that, for instance, the great branches of the Latin family bear to each other in Southern Europe. All have long been fused together in one common ethnical, social, and religious system, while still separated one from the other mainly by their different languages, all derived in Europe from the com mon Latin stock, in India either from a common Sanskritic, or from a common but now extinct Dravidian mother-tongue. These points should be borne in mind in estimating the value of the subjoined general grouping of all the Indian races. It is also to be noted that in a comprehensive classification of the human family the Hindus and Tibeto - Burmans would appear as mere branches of the Caucasic and Mongol stocks respectively, whereas both the Dravidians and Kolarians would stand quite apart, their possible affinities to the other great families of mankind being still undetermined----" pages 284 to 287
Reference:
Standard'sCompendium of Geography and Travel-
"ASIA-with ethnological appendix"
By: Augustus Henry Keane & Sir Richard Carnage Temple

Publisher: Edward Standford , London, 1882, pages-284 to 287

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