Saturday, November 15, 2014

103. Megh : Inhabitants between Indus and Iomanes

"The hill-tribes between the Indus and the Iomanes are the C e s i ; the Cetriboni, who live in the woods ; then the M e g a 1 1 ae, (प्लिनी के megallae लोगों की पहचान कन्निन्ग्हम महोदय और अन्यों ने आज के मेघों से की है।) whose king is master of five hundred elephants and an army of horse and foot of unknown strength ; the C h r y s e i, the Parasangse, and the A s a n g se,|| where tigers abound, noted for their ferocity-----" page-142

पृष्ठ 143 का फुटनोट-
"DOXXV.—v. 1. DCXXXV. Pliny, having given a general account of the basins of the Indus and the Ganges, proceeds to enumerate here the tribes which peopled the north of India. The names are obscure, but Lassen has identified one or two of them, and de Saint-Martin a considerable number more. The tribes first mentioned in the list occupied the country extending from the Jamuna to the western coast about the mouth of the Narmada. The Cesi probably answer to the Khosas or Khasyas, a great tribe which from time immemorial has led a wandering life between Gujarat, the lower Indus, and the Jamuna. The name of the Cetriboni would seem to be a transcript of Ketrivani (for Kshatrivaneya). They may therefore have been a branch of the Kshatri (Khatri), one of the impure tribes of the list of Manu (1. x. 12). The Megallae must be identified with the Maevelas(* mehvals) of Sanskrit books, a great tribe described as settled to the west of the Jamuna. The Chrysei probably correspond to the Karoncha of the Puranic lists (Vishnu Pur. pp. 177, 186, note 13, and 351, &c). The locality occupied by these and the two tribes mentioned after them must have lain to the north of the Ran, between the lower Indus and the chain of the Aravali mountains." Page-143 * प्राचीन संस्कृत ग्रंथों में मेवाल /मेवल शब्द प्रयुक्त हुआ। देशज शब्द मेह्वाल का संस्कृत रूप। जिसकी वर्तमान पहचान मेगों से की जाती है।

शब्दों पर विमर्श हेतु फुटनोट पृष्ठ 148-149 भी देखें-
"In the grammatical apophthegms of Panini, Bhaulingi is mentioned as a , territory occupied by a branch of the great tribe of the Salvas (Lassen, Ind. Alt. I. p. 613, note, or 2nd ed. p. 760 n.), and from this indication M. de St.- Martin has been led to place the Bolingse at the western declivity of the Aravali mountains, where Ptolemy also places his Bolingse. The Madrabhujingha of the Panjab (see Vishnu Pur. p. 187) were probably a branch of this tribe. The Gallitalutse are identified by the same author with the Gahalata or Gehlots ; the Dimuri with the Dumras, who, though belonging to the Gangetic valley, originally came from that of the Indus ; the Megari with the Mokars of the Rajput chronicles, whose name is perhaps preserved in that of the Mehars of the lower part of Sindh, and also in that of the Megharis of Eastern Baluchistan ; the Messe with the Mazaris, a considerable tribe between Shikarpur and Mitankot on the western bank of the Indus ; and the Uri with the Hauras of the same locality — the Hurairas who figure in the Rajput lists of thirty-six royal tribes. The Sulalas of the same tribes perhaps represent the Sileni, whom Pliny mentions along with the Uri."

मेघों से अलेक्षन्दर की हुई भिडंत की जगह हेतु विचानाधीन टिपण्णी पृष्ठ-150
"Alexander, after the great battle on the banks of the Hydaspes in which he defeated Pdro3, founded two cities — Bukephala or Bukephalia, so named in honour of his cele brated charger, and Nikaia, so named in honour of his vic tory. Nikaia, it is known for certain, was built on the field of battle, and its position was therefore on the left side of the Hydaspes — probably about where Mong now stands. The site of Bukephala it is not so easy to deter mine. According to Plutarch and Pliny it was near the Hydaspes, in the place where Bukephalos was buried, and if that be so it must have been on the same side of the river as the sister city ; whereas Strabo and all the other ancient authorities place it on the opposite side. Strabo again places it at the point where Alexander crossed the river, whereas Arrian states that it was built on the site of his camp. General Cunningham fixes this at Jalalpur rather than at Jhelam, 30 miles higher up the river, the site which is favoured by Burnes and General Court and General Abbott. Jalalpur is about ten miles distant from Dilawar, where, according to Cunningham, the crossing of the river was most probably effected."

Reference:
"ANCIENT INDIA AS DESCRIBED BY MEGASTHENES AND ARRIAN;"
(Reprinted (with additions) from the the Indian Antiquary," 1876-77.)

By: J. W. McCRINDLE, M.A.,

Calcutta:THACKER,SPINK & Co.
Bombay:THACKER & Co,

London:TRUBNER & Co.; Year of publication: 1877.

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